Education is the most important aspect of the development of a human being. Whenever the construction of a building takes place, we usually anticipate its strength and long term stability by viewing its foundation. Similarly, when we talk about an individual’s development, it can also be judged through its foundation which is known as Education.
Now, what is Education?
According to the bookish language, Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion, and directed research.
In India, The education system is very rigid, theoretical, and highly unproductive in nature. It focuses more on theoretical knowledge and less on practical knowledge and we all know that this is not a key to acquire knowledge but the reverse will.
This is the main reason for the commencement of the New Education Policy 2020 which mainly focuses on practical knowledge rather than theoretical knowledge for the proper development of students all over the country.
This education policy can be considered as a revolutionary change in the education system as it addresses and helps in overcome all the criticism that occurred due to the obsolescence in our system.
Now let’s look at the positive side of the New Education Policy 2020
- One of the biggest problems in our education system is 10+2, which means after the 10th standard this system divides the students into three streams.
Many of us have experienced in our school days that when we got promoted in the 11th standard we came to know that Science which we have studied till the 10th standard has no major connection between them. It creates a lot of confusion among those students as they are also unaware of the commerce and humanities, all we get is an earful from our elders about those unidentified streams. But is it enough for deciding our future?
It gives a sudden shock to all the students in choosing their path towards their destination, and most of the time parents try to convince their child to opt science so that their child has multiple options because if a student chooses science in 11th then after his or her school he or she can change his field by choosing commerce and arts but this offer is not applicable in commerce and arts and choosing science just to avail multiple options is not a good choice because it’s really hard and someone with other interest can create many problems in his or her life. Another important issue in this education system is that a student was unable to choose multiple subjects which makes it more rigid.
For example: If a student wants to study arts subjects with science such as PCM with Political Science or Economics, it is not possible right now.
Keeping in mind the above problems of the education system, the government has introduced Flexible Subjects Options which allows them to study different subjects they want and eliminates the rigidity of the current education system.
The other change which is introduced in the New Education Policy 2020 is that the government has replaced the 10+2 system with 5+3+3+4 system in which
In the above image, we can see that in the current education system the education starts from 6 years and over 85% of a child’s cumulative brain development occurs before the age of 6, in the New Education Policy 2020 there is an introduction of Foundational Stage, in which multilevel, activity-based learning for kids of 3 years and after that there will be class 1 and 2.
Then there is a Preparatory Stage that focuses on the learning process of class 3 to 5 kids by play, discovery, activity-based, and interactive classroom learning.
After that there will be a Middle Stage for students, in this stage, the students will be introduced with the experimental learning in Science, Mathematics, Arts, Social Science, and humanities.
And the last stage will be a Secondary Stage in which there will be an introduction of multidisciplinary studies with greater critical thinking by providing flexibility and providing more options in subjects.
- In other countries, vocational training plays a very important role. As in those countries, jobs like electrician, carpenter, plumber given the same amount of importance as the corporate jobs. But in our country it is considered as a lower grade job, in fact, a reference to these jobs used as a tagline by Indian parents as if you will not study, you will eventually become a plumber, electrician, carpenter, etc.
- In this New Education Policy 2020, internships in vocational training will be provided from class 6-8 which will enhance the importance of these jobs which is considered as a low sector in India.
From class 6th onwards, coding will be taught to the students as it is a part of the 21st-century skills and reduction in the importance of board exams of class 10th and 12th will take place, as it increases a lot of burden among students which will degrade their productivity.
- Report cards will include a self-assessment by the students in addition to the existing teachers’ evaluation sheet. PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and analysis of Knowledge for the holistic department) – a New National Assessment Center will be set up as a standard-setting body.
In this step, not only teachers will assess the progress of a student but it will be analyzed by himself or herself too, it is really important as a student must be aware of its own progress, he must not be always dependent on the teachers because he or she will never be able to realize their own progress, their obstacles, their strengths and will always be dependent on their teachers. But after completion of the student’s education, there will be no teachers for their guidance, and because of the only evaluation of the teachers, they don’t have a habit of self-evaluation. By introducing this concept, a student will understand the importance of self-evaluation, as someone has a beautiful quote that ‘you can lie to the world but you cannot lie to yourself.
- We all are aware that most of the changes require money or monetary source for implement and proper regulation of those changes and we have noticed that the government is spending a very less amount of income in the education sector even as compared to other countries.
The government has decided to spend 6% of its GDP. The step taken by the government is really commendable as it was just 3% of GDP. Well, it really depends on the implementation but it is a commendable step introduced by the government.
- Our board exams are designed in a way that emphasis more on memorizing the answers of a particular instead of understanding them and we know that after some time we don’t even remember a thing after the examination. In order to reduce the burden and stress of board exams, it will be conducted into two parts: Objective and Descriptive. Exams can be conducted twice a year. The government is giving more importance that a student should attain application-based knowledge through board exams rather than rote learning.
Board exams overtime also develop viable models of board exams such as annual/semester/modular board exams.
Multiple Entry and exit program
Multiple entries and exit program is a very important and a crucial step which is introduced by the government. Suppose If a student pursue his graduation in B.Tech and after the first year he realizes that he or she does not want to pursue it in future and he wants to choose a different course, in that case, his progress which is summarized in form of credit will be transferred in another course which he or she wants to pursue in future and he can easily drop out.
Another important concept has been introduced in the New Education Policy 2020 that the undergraduate degree will be of either a 3 or 4-year duration, with multiple exit options. A certificate course will be provided after completing one year in a particular field, including vocational and professional areas, the diploma will be provided after completion of two years, a bachelor’s degree after completion of three years and after four years multi-disciplinary bachelors degree or bachelors research degree will be provided.
Ma and Msc courses will last just one year for those with a four-year bachelor’s degree and two years for those with three-year degrees.
With the above plan, the government has permitted to top 100 foreign institutions to set- up their campus in India.
This policy also focusing on providing vocational education to the students which will be integrated into all the schools and higher educational institutions in a phased manner. It is being aimed that by 2025 50% of the learners in schools and higher educational institutions will be having exposure in vocational education.
A common national professional standard will be set for all the teachers by 2022 and by 2030 a four year integrated BA degree would be the minimum qualification required to become a teacher.